Download A Century of Science Publishing: A Collection of Essays by Einar H. Fredriksson PDF

By Einar H. Fredriksson

Publishers and observers of the technology publishing scene remark in essay shape on key advancements during the twentieth century. the dimensions of the worldwide study attempt and its business association have led to massive raises within the released quantity, in addition to new suggestions for its dealing with. the previous languages of technology conversation, like Latin and German, have given option to English. The domination of ecu technology prior to global struggle II has been by means of huge efforts in North the US and the a long way East. The roots of the nationwide Library of drugs lie within the US military clinical library, the USA conflict attempt gave upward thrust to hypertext, and the USA protection response to the Soviet Sputnik led to the net. the eu invention of the internet has additionally replaced the technological know-how publishing scene long ago few years. a few attribute publishing companies, advertisement and society owned, are defined in a sequence of articles. those are through research of advancements and attainable adjustments to return. capabilities of publishers, librarians and brokers are introduced into context. the way forward for publishing is being debated on open channels, whereas the ancient measurement enter are often missing.

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Export of German science literature was also limited by the fact that the German language had largely lost its worldwide significance. Not only had English definitively become the “lingua franca” for scientists, but American, English and Dutch companies had taken the lead. Only since the sixties, when German publishers hesitantly commenced the publication of research 32 The Growth and Decline of German Scientific Publishing 1850–1945 literature in the English language, has the situation slowly improved.

The Ohm magazine thus responded to reader needs without missing a single issue. Since the subscriber cards were safe, Ohmsha could send this issue to every subscriber without delay, thereby ensuring their confidence in the company. Horii said later that “All employees had nothing but the clothes on their backs. We experienced a kind of socialist society, with no one claiming ownership of property or money. These things were shared equally among us. Publication of the Ohm magazine was only possible as the result of such efforts”.

Developments already seen before the war speeded up, but in addition, new subjects came to the fore, in the physical sciences, for example, microwave radio engineering, nuclear physics, geophysics and space research, and in biology, molecular biology. At the same time the cost of producing journals increased drastically, so that academies have had to behave more as commercial publishers, and seek to obtain a profit from their publications, but now in severe competition with the real commercial publishers.

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