By Witold Gombrowicz
Witold Gombrowicz (1904-1969), novelist, essayist, and playwright, was once the most vital Polish writers of the 20th century. A candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1968, he used to be defined via Milan Kundera as “one of the good novelists of our century” and by means of John Updike as “one of the profoundest of the overdue moderns.”
Gombrowicz’s works have been thought of scandalous and subversive by means of the ruling powers in Poland and have been banned for almost 40 years. He spent his final years in France educating philosophy; this e-book is a sequence of reflections according to his lectures.
Gombrowicz discusses Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Sartre, and Heidegger in six “one-hour” essays and addresses Marxism in a shorter “fifteen-minute” piece. The text—a small literary gem jam-packed with sardonic wit, amazing insights, and provocative criticism—constructs the philosophical lineage of his work.
Witold Gombrowicz is the writer of Ferdydurke, Trans-Atlantyk, Pornografia, and Cosmos, the 1st to be had from Yale college Press. those, together with his performs and the three-volume Diary, were translated into greater than thirty languages.
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Additional info for A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes
48 philosophy in six hours It is an extremely serious and even tragic thing for the mind, as we reason with concepts, thus with abstractions. Tragic because reasoning can be done only through concepts and logic, and general laws cannot be formed without concepts and without logic. On the other hand, concepts do not exist in reality (very important). ” The choice of our ideas is not formed as a consequence of an argument, but they are chosen in advance. Reasoning serves only to justify a previous choice.
No, this would be useless because by committing suicide, we only conﬁrm our will to live. Because if I kill myself, it is because my will to live was not satisﬁed. The sole way of breaking free of the will to live is by renunciation. I kill my will to live within myself. This is what led Schopenhauer to Hindu philosophy and Eastern philosophy, which is exactly what promulgates meditation and the renunciation of life. It must be said that this thesis is rather artiﬁcial and that the part of his work devoted to eastern philosophy, on the World as Will and Representation, is the least convincing.
He himself says that he uses these words because nothing better comes to mind. In truth, it is more the will to be, because for Schopenhauer, not only do man and animals want to live, but also the rock that resists and the light that persists. Schopenhauer says that this is the Kantian noumenon, this is the absolute. important For Schopenhauer, in the metaphysical sense (beyond physical), this concerns a single will to be, absolutely identical for me and for this table. This will to live, in order to be seen as phenomenon, must assume [sentence incomplete].