By Iain S. McLean, Alistair McMillan, Burt L. Monroe
`This is a booklet a few famous author, Lewis Carroll, and a few little-known topic, the idea of voting' (from the Editors' Introduction).
This ebook has been edited from the manuscripts of the overdue Scottish economist Duncan Black. almost immediately after the ebook of the idea of Committees and Elections Black began to acquire fabric for papers and a publication on Lewis Carroll's thought of proportional illustration. Black's bankruptcy plans made it transparent that the booklet used to be to be in 3 components, written by means of himself, by means of a reprint of Carroll's ideas of Parliamentary illustration and its major resources. half I is biographical, introducing Lewis Carroll and giving suitable info of his existence. half II is Black's already released paintings on Lewis Carroll. half III includes the extra specified arguments approximately Carroll's reasoning, and half IV includes reprints of infrequent unique fabric on proportional illustration by means of Carroll, James Garth Marshall, and Walter Baily. Taken jointly, the editors have supplied an entire reference resource for the speculation of balloting and proportional representation.
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Additional info for A Mathematical Approach to Proportional Representation: Duncan Black on Lewis Carroll
L. (1883) 'Lawn Tennis tournaments', letters to the St James' Gazette, reprinted in A. Woollcott (1939). L. (1884) The Principles of Parliamentary Representation London: Harrison & Sons. Dodgson, C. L. (1885) 'Supplement' and 'Postscript to Supplement' to The Principles of Parliamentary Representation London: Harrison & Sons. Downing, P. , and Stafford, E. A. (1981) 'Citations as an indicator of classic works and major contributions in social choice', Public Choice 37: 219--30. Downs, A. (1957) An Economic Theory of Democracy New York: Harper & Row.
He was totally unsuccessful as a tutor. Partly this was because he was a poor mathematician [by conventional standards]. The subjects he taught were Euclid, algebra, and arithmetic, at the level of a first-year undergraduate course today; and his attempts to do serious Mathematics were feeble. His book on Determinants, published quite early, a sort of apprentice piece, showed an interest in Logic rather than Mathematics, though admittedly the two are difficult to separate. His work, at a later date, on Euclid's parallel, appears to have been unimportant, and he was not aware of the existing developments in Geometry being made by writers on the Continent and even in England.
He liked his students, he enjoyed the work, and some of the girls afterwards spoke with enthusiasm of his teaching. He was scarcely the man to be a success in his own college. In the early years he had a few close friends, but by the time he attained middle age, the number of his friends had dwindled almost to vanishing point. But I was thinking of a plan To dye one's whiskers green, And always use so large a fan That they could not be seen. 3 Carroll was different from others and difficult to know: we cannot be sure that, had they known him better, his colleagues would have esteemed him more highly.