By Peter Connolly
The observe 'yoga' evokes within the minds of many Westerners photos of individuals acting workouts and adopting strange, occasionally contortive postures. Such routines and postures do have a spot in the perform of yoga, however it is way greater than that. certainly, the early literature on yoga describes and defines it as a kind of psychological instead of actual self-discipline. Yoga is usually linked to the Indian subcontinent and the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. This revised version of a vintage textbook concentrates at the evolution of yoga within the context of Indian tradition, even though the ultimate chapters additionally discover a few of its hyperlinks with non-Indian mystical traditions and a few of its advancements open air of India through the smooth interval. The publication is aimed toward either college scholars taking classes in Comparative faith and Philosophy and practitioners of yoga who search to move past the job and discover its non secular dimensions. for that reason, it offers yoga within the context of its ancient evolution in India and seeks to give an explanation for the character of its institutions with quite a few metaphysical doctrines. The paintings additionally attracts upon a couple of conceptual schemes designed to facilitate comparative research. a few of these are hired through the booklet which will hyperlink the cloth from each one bankruptcy jointly inside a standard framework. This variation contains revisions and expansions to such a lot chapters and comprises one new bankruptcy at the way forward for smooth yoga within the West
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Additional resources for A Student's Guide to the History and Philosophy of Yoga, Revised Edition
The priests who officiated at these sacrifices formed three, and later four, main groups. Each group was connected with one of the four Vedas. Chief of the hymn-singing priests was the hotæ, who sang hymns of praise from the °Rgveda. Chief of the priests concerned with the sacrificial activity was the advaryu, who recited formulas from the Yajurveda. Chief of the såman-singing priests was the udgåtæ, who chanted chants from the Såmaveda. Chief of the overseeing priests was the bråhman, who uttered mantras from the Atharvaveda.
The Upani¶ads are the earliest texts to introduce the notions of sa√såra (wanderingóhere from life to life), karma (action) as a moral principle that is built into the universe, and mok¶a, release from this process. YOGA IN THE TEXTS OF THE VEDA 35 In the earliest Upani¶ads, the new doctrines of karma and sa√såra are combined with or introduced through a reinterpretation of the older Vedic notion of two pathways that a person can follow after death. The first of these is the way of the gods (devayåna), also called the path of light (arcirmårga); the second is the way of the ancestors (pitæyåna), also called the path of darkness (dhµumamårga).
But they who by sacrificial offering, charity, and austerity conquer the worlds, pass into the smoke [of the cremationfire]; from the smoke, into the night; from the night, into the half month of the waning moon; from the half month of the waning moon, into the six months during which the sun moves 36 A STUDENTíS GUIDE TO THE HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF YOGA southward; from those months, into the world of the fathers; from the world of the fathers, into the moon. Reaching the moon, they become food.