By Gordon McGranahan, Frank Murray
(Earthscan) Murdoch Univ., Australia. textual content experiences fresh advancements within the box and their relevance for public health and wellbeing in constructing international locations. offers reviews from Asian, African, and Latin American international locations; and contrasts findings with these from Europe and North the United States. Softcover.
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Extra info for Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries
In the early stages air pollution measures emphasized the more visible and immediate pollution, such as the particulate and sulphur dioxide concentrations in cities. These measures included the location of heavy industry outside population centres, and the requirement for major emission sources to discharge from tall chimneys to disperse the emissions and thus reduce ground level concentrations. However, some of these measures contributed to regional air pollution, as emissions from urban and industrial areas can travel long distances, crossing national boundaries and affecting health and environments in rural areas and in other countries.
Similar patterns are likely to hold in many other low and middle income regions. It is generally, although not always, true that economic growth, in addition to extending the temporal and spatial scales of impacts, tends to shift health risks from the direct to the indirect. Direct health risks, for example, result from the inhalation of toxic pollutants. Indirect risks, in contrast, result from processes such as a shift in disease vectors coming from climate change induced by greenhouse gas (GHG) pollutants that may have no direct health impact.
There is no recipe for air pollution management. However, much can learned from the science of air pollution, the various assessment and management tools that have been developed, and the many air pollution initiatives that have been implemented. SUMMARY OF THE CONTENTS Following a contextual Chapter 1 that situates the air pollution and health issues in the context of long term development trends and other air pollution problems, the chapters can be roughly divided into three groups: Chapters 2 and 3: Evidence on the adverse health effects of various types of air pollution.