By Robert C. Stern
London released smooth Conflicts - Air
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This article is a suite of fifty two legislation that disguise each region of industrial. every one legislation formulates a house fact approximately company existence, akin to, "One-tenth of the members produce over one-third of the output. expanding the variety of members in simple terms reduces the typical output". one other instance of 1 of "Augustine's legislation" is legislations quantity XI, "If the Earth may be made to rotate two times as quickly, managers might get two times as a lot performed.
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Extra resources for America's Fighters of the 1980s - F-16 & F-18
So the overall result is not obvious but, depending upon the surveillance requirements, may be of the order of: UAV UAV control station UAV + UAV control station 20–40% of manned aircraft cost 20–40% of manned aircraft cost 40–80% of manned aircraft cost (b) Operating Costs These figures are, to some degree, inevitably subjective. They include the following. Approximate UAV cost as % of manned aircraft cost: i) Interest on capital employed ii) Depreciation iii) Hangarage [includes support vehicle and CS] iv) Crew salaries and associated costs∗ v) Fuel costs vi) Maintenance vii) Insurance∗∗ 40–80% 30–60% ⎤ Probably about 40% 20% ⎥ or less overall ⎥ ⎥ ⎥ 50% ⎥ ⎥ 5% ⎥ ⎦ 20% 30% ∗ Aircrew are paid more than ground-based personnel, retire earlier and must pass regular, more rigorous professional and medical examinations.
The whole then becomes what is known as a ‘system of systems’ and is known as networkcentric operation. A UAV system (UAS) operating alone is usually known as a ‘stove-pipe system’. 2. Similarly, in civilian operations such as fire patrol, the operators in the CS may be tasked from Fire Brigade Headquarters to move the air vehicle to new locations. 2 Network-centric architecture (Boeing) provide, probably within the CS, the equipment required to communicate with the external sources and record/display data received and sent.
1 Dull Rˆoles Military and civilian applications such as extended surveillance can be a dulling experience for aircrew, with many hours spent on watch without relief, and can lead to a loss of concentration and therefore loss of mission effectiveness. The UAV, with high resolution colour video, low light level TV, thermal 6 Unmanned Aircraft Systems imaging cameras or radar scanning, can be more effective as well as cheaper to operate in such rˆoles. The ground-based operators can be readily relieved in a shift-work pattern.