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Extra resources for An Approach to Wittgenstein’s Philosophy
6's) (i) Mind and body We have investigated a priori the nature of the world, thought, language and knowledge, and we turn now to the nature of the subject. The subject whose nature is given a priori may be called the 'metaphysical subject' or 'metaphysical self (usually abbreviated in what follows to simply 'subject' or 'self). This subject alone is what is given to logic, and is of interest to metaphysics. The concept of subject which belongs to logic must be distinguished from any other notion of subject which may arise, for whatever reason, a posteriori.
So then, what and where is the metaphysical subject? If the subject cannot be defined as part of the world, then it seems that it can only be something outside, and related to, the world. Logic seems to suggest that the subject is acquainted with the world, and also represents the world in thought and language. But let us examine exactly what logic has to say about the thinking and knowing subject. (ii) Thinking (cj. 63I) The subject may be identified in metaphysics as that which thinks go An Approach to Wittgenstein's Philosophy and knows, and by defining the subject in these ways we draw upon the logic already done.
But we must consider how any concept of self can be legitimately brought into philosophy, for as yet we have seen no sign ofit. 6 The limits of my language mean the limits of my world. 62 This remark provides the key to the problem, how much truth there is in solipsism. For what the solipsist means is quite correct; only it cannot be said, but makes itself manifest. The world is rrry world: this is manifest in the fact that the limits The Tractatus: Main Themes 33 of language (of that language which alone I understand) mean the limits of nry world.