Download Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form by Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan PDF

By Barbara A. Ambrose, Michael D. Purugganan

The Evolution of Plant shape is a phenomenal new quantity in Wiley-Blackwell’s hugely winning and good tested Annual Plant Reviews.

Written via recognized and revered researchers, this e-book promises a entire advisor to the varied variety of clinical views in land plant evolution, from morphological evolution to the reviews of the mechanisms of evolutionary swap and the instruments with which they are often studied. This name distinguishes itself from others in plant evolution via its synthesis of those principles, which then offers a framework for destiny reports and interesting new advancements in this

The first bankruptcy explores the origins of the main morphological ideas in land vegetation and the subsequent chapters supply an exhilarating, extensive research of the morphological evolution
of land plant teams together with bryophytes, lycophytes, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. the second one half the publication specializes in evolutionary stories in land vegetation together with genomics,
adaptation, improvement and phenotypic plasticity. the ultimate bankruptcy offers a precis and viewpoint for destiny stories within the evolution of plant form.

The Evolution of Plant shape offers crucial info for plant scientists and evolutionary biologists. All libraries and study institutions, the place organic and agricultural sciences are
studied and taught, will locate this crucial paintings an essential addition to their shelves.

Chapter 1 Phylogenetic Analyses and Morphological thoughts in Land crops (pages 1–50): James A. Doyle
Chapter 2 The Evolution of physique shape in Bryophytes (pages 51–89): Bernard Goffinet and William R. Buck
Chapter three The Morphology and improvement of Lycophytes (pages 91–114): Barbara A. Ambrose
Chapter four Evolutionary Morphology of Ferns (Monilophytes) (pages 115–140): Harald Schneider
Chapter five Gymnosperms (pages 141–161): Dennis Wm. Stevenson
Chapter 6 picking out Key positive aspects within the foundation and Early Diversification of Angiosperms (pages 163–188): Paula J. Rudall
Chapter 7 Genomics, version, and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 189–225): Kristen Shepard
Chapter eight Comparative Evolutionary Genomics of Land crops (pages 227–275): Amy Litt
Chapter nine improvement and the Evolution of Plant shape (pages 277–320): Barbara A. Ambrose and Cristina Ferrandiz
Chapter 10 improvement within the Wild: Phenotypic Plasticity (pages 321–355): Kathleen Donohue
Chapter eleven The Evolution of Plant shape: A precis standpoint (pages 357–366): Michael Purugganan

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Extra resources for Annual Plant Reviews Volume 45: The Evolution of Plant Form

Sample text

The lobes have been interpreted as outer telomes of a dichotomous branch (Andrews 1963) or sterilized outer sporangia of a synangium (Kenrick & Crane 1997), but these alternatives are not as different as they may seem, since synangia would presumably represent modified fertile telomic branches. The ovules were borne in socalled cupules, which were dichotomous structures resembling two facing hands with ovules on the palms. These cupules have been homologized with the similarly constructed fertile appendages of progymnosperms; in at least one aneurophyte, Tetraxylopteris (Bonamo & Banks 1967), the sporangia were in clusters that could be transformed into ovules (Kenrick & Crane 1997).

For example, glossopterids, Pentoxylon, Bennettitales, and Caytonia were identified as stem relatives in the morphological analysis of Doyle (2008) when living taxa were constrained to a molecular arrangement, with Gnetales in conifers, and in some trees obtained without constraints. However, glossopterids and Caytonia were far removed from angiosperms in morphological analyses of Rothwell et al. (2009), in which angiosperms were sister to Gnetales and nested in conifers (a result strongly contradicted by molecular data).

Current phylogenies (Pryer et al. 1995) confirm the traditional view that the sporangium underwent a shift from longitudinal to transverse dehiscence within Filicales. This trend culminated in the famous snapping dehiscence of Polypodiaceae sensu lato, which contrary to older views form a clade. Another innovation within Filicales was reduction of the number of jacket cells in the antheridium, which may have occurred once or twice (Pryer et al. 1995). Heterospory evolved in water ferns (Marsileaceae and Salviniaceae), which were previously interpreted as two unrelated lines but now appear to form a clade.

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